Monday, January 6, 2020

Dna From The Nucleic Acid Structure - 937 Words

DNA originated from the nucleic acid structure, and it stands for deoxyribonucleic acid. Did you know that a fruit fly has four pair of chromosomes, while a rice plant has 12, and a dog has 39? In addition, I did not know how chromosomes were first discovered by â€Å"Scientists looking at cells under the microscope first observed chromosomes in the late 1800s. Researchers gained a much better understanding of chromosomes in the early 1900s through Thomas Hunt Morgan’s pioneering studies. Morgan made the link between chromosomes and inherited traits by demonstrating that the X chromosome is related to gender and eye color in fruit flies (Anonymous Author).† What come out of DNA are chromosomes? â€Å"Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside of the nucleus of animal and plant cells (Anonymous Author). In chromosomes, we will be determining the gender of a newborn baby, using karyotypes to diagnose genetic disorders, and how scientists read chromosomes. Before we found the gender of the baby, we have to tell how the chromosomes are going to be distributed among the baby and its parents. The zygote is made by a woman’s egg which contains 23 chromosomes and a man’s sperm which contains 23 chromosomes coming together to make a 46 chromosomes. After the formation of the zygote is being made, the zygote is starting to form into a baby after some weeks and months. While the baby is formed, the 46 chromosomes that it has received from its mother and father will determine whom theShow MoreRelatedNucleic Acids785 Words   |  4 PagesStanford University STUDIES! Nucleic Acids, extremely complex molecules produced by living cells and viruses. Their name comes from their initial isolation from the nuclei of living cells. Certain nucleic acids, however, are found not in the cell nucleus but in cell cytoplasm. Nucleic acids have at least two functions: to pass on hereditary characteristics from one generation to the next, and to trigger the manufacture of specific proteins. How nucleic acids accomplish these functions is the objectRead MoreEssay on Chemistry and the Structure of DNA590 Words   |  3 Pagesrelies on chemistry to explain phenomena related to the field. The structure of DNA relies on chemistry. In fact, when James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the structure of DNA, they did so by building models based on the laws of chemistry. Chemistry also relates heavily to the structure and function of one of the main products of DNA: protein. Chemistry dictates the structure of DNA. DNA is a polymer of monomers called nucleic acids. These are made of a nitrogenous base, a phosphate group and aRead MoreWhat Is the Role of a Macromolecule? Essay1242 Words   |  5 Pagesspecific arrangement of there monomers into polymers with distinctive structures and properties. Monomers of all four classes of macromolecules form larger molecules by a number of different methods for example, dehydration and synthesis, a chemical reaction in which one monomers donates a hydrolysis. In this way large molecules in food are digested into monomers small enough to enter our cells. Macromolecules are made from four major classes of organic compounds in cells, and all four ofRead MoreDna Discovery Essay1006 Words   |  5 PagesAs the instructions for all living cells, DNA is a complex molecule and the basis of biology. The structure of DNA is the same for all organisms. (Fredholm, 2003) The journey to understanding DNA began in 1866 when Augustinian monk Gregor Mendel discovered the basic principles of genetics. Although the scientific community did not fully appreciate or credit his work in his lifetime, Mendel is now considered the father of genetics. Mendel’s advanced experiments with pea plants between 1856 and 1863Read MoreMacromolecules And The Synthesis And Maintenance Of Cells1202 Words   |  5 Pagescarbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acids. They each play an important role in the synthesis and maintenance of cells. Lipids Lipids are organic compounds such as fats, natural oils, waxes and steroids. They are amphiphilic thus construct structures like vesicles and cell membranes in damp environments. Main functions of lipids are cell signaling, formation of cell membranes and energy storage. (Fahy 2009) There are three main types of lipids found in cells these include fatty acids, phospholipids and steroidsRead MoreAntibiotics Are Antibiotics Used For?1198 Words   |  5 Pagesbacteria and bacteriostatic act to inhibit and slow down the growth or bacteria. By doing this the antibiotics allow the hosts defence mechanisms to kill the bacteria or fight infection. Where do antibiotics come from? Lead compounds used in the formation of antibiotics are metabolites from microorganisms. These metabolites can be used as antibiotics by themselves or can be further developed to produce new antibiotics. Fungi are also used to inhibit the growth of bacteria as they compete for nutrientsRead Morewingwangs1474 Words   |  6 Pagesfalse. Indicate whether each of the following statements about triglycerides is true or false. 1. A triacylglycerol is composed of 3 glycerol molecules joined to a fatty acid.   2. The hydrocarbon chains of fatty acids vary in length as well as in the number and location of double bonds between the carbon atoms.   3. Fatty acids with one double bond in their hydrocarbon chain are called monounsaturated, while those with more than one double bond are called polyunsaturated.   4. Additional hydrogenRead MoreScientific Theories Are More Powerful Than Laws922 Words   |  4 Pagesand structure in organisms; and lastly cells come from preexisting cells. 6. Cellular differentiation is the process of how daughter cells change from or differentiate from the parent cell and become specialized. 7. The two parts of metabolism are catabolic reactions, which breakdown reactions, and anabolic reactions, which build reactions they are coupled because the energy released in catabolic reactions are used to power the anabolic reactions taking place. 8. Homeostasis is different from equilibriumRead MoreGenetic Engineering Of People : How Dna Is Located, Extracted And Amplified1055 Words   |  5 Pages Genetic Engineering of People: How DNA is Located, Extracted and Amplified Eric Ottoson Chemeketa Community College Abstract Genetic engineering is controversial topic of discussion amongst many circles today. The benefits can be laid out to its untold potential, but there are lines that are superimposed from moral standpoints and personal ethics. The idea resonating in these circles brings to light the availability to be able to selectively choose your offspring and specific featuresRead MoreOptimization of Asymmetric PCR for Generation of a Single Stranded DNA Library690 Words   |  3 PagesAptamers are short DNA or RNA oligonucleotides with high, specific affinity to a special target. The name was originated from aptus that means to fit and meros that shows the polymer identity of oligonucleotides (1, 2). Aptamer characteristics provide prominent potential applications in multiple fields.These nucleic acid ligands are completely generated through in vitro process for a wide range of targets from small molecules and ions to large proteins and cells and even whole organism or tissue

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.